Viewport navigation

Just like the physical world, virtual camera objects capture views of 3D scenes.  There are two purposes for editing camera objects; navigation and composition.  

  • Navigation is moving the camera to make scene edits.
  • Composition is moving the camera to create a final output from that camera.

This article covers camera navigation.  Learn more about the full range of camera functionality in the camera object and camera tools documentation.



Camera tools

Most edits to camera position are done through the camera tools. Camera tools can be used with a mouse, trackpad, or stylus.

Name

Description

Shortcut

Orbit tool 

Rotate the camera around the scene.

Pan tool 

Move the camera up, down, left, and right.

Dolly tool 

Move the camera forward and backward.

Note: Default shortcuts are shown


To use a camera tool

  1. Activate the tool on the toolbar or by shortcut
  2. Click and drag in the viewport to use the tool


There are additional camera tools that are useful for composition but less common for navigation. Learn more in the camera tools documentation. 



Quick access for mouse

Use quick access shortcuts with a mouse to temporarily switch from your original tool to the camera controls — once you release the shortcut, your original tool will be available again. 


Name

3-button mouse

2-button mouse

Orbit tool 

Alt + left mouse button

Alt + left mouse button

Pan tool 

Alt + middle mouse button

Alt + left + right mouse button

Dolly tool 

Alt + right mouse button

Alt + right mouse button

Framing

Framing is an action, rather than a tool.  It moves and dollies the camera to view a selected object.

Frame Selection

Pan and dolly the camera to view the selected object.  If nothing is selected then the camera will adjust to view all objects in the scene.

Default shortcut: F


Frame All

Pan and dolly the camera to view all objects in the scene.

Default shortcut: Alt + F


Camera history

Because navigation edits to the camera are done very frequently, the undo and redo history is kept separate from main document edits.


Camera undo

Steps back one step in navigation history.

Default shortcut:  Home or Fn 


Camera redo: 

Steps forward one step in navigation history.

Default shortcut:  End or Fn